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VisionCamera

Overview

VisionCamera is a powerful, high-performance React Native Camera library. It's both feature-rich and flexible! The library provides the necessary hooks and functions to easily integrate camera functionality in your app.

In this example, we'll take a look at wiring up a barcode scanner. This tutorial is written for the Ignite v9 Prebuild workflow, however it generally still applies to DIY or even a bare react-native project.

Installation

If you haven't already, spin up a new Ignite application:

npx ignite-cli@latest new PizzaApp --remove-demo --workflow=prebuild --yes
cd PizzaApp

Next, let's install the necessary dependencies. You can see complete installation instructions for react-native-vision-camera here.

npx expo install react-native-vision-camera

Add the plugin to app.json as per the documentation. It'll look like the following if you have the default Ignite template:

"plugins": [
"expo-localization",
[
"expo-build-properties",
{
"ios": {
"newArchEnabled": false
},
"android": {
"newArchEnabled": false
}
}
],
[
"react-native-vision-camera",
{
"cameraPermissionText": "$(PRODUCT_NAME) needs access to your Camera.",
"enableCodeScanner": true
}
]
],

Note: $(PRODUCT_NAME) comes from the iOS project build configuration, this will be populated with the app name at runtime as long as it's configured properly (in this case, it is in the Ignite boilerplate)

To get this native dependency working in our project, we'll need to run prebuild so Expo can execute the proper native code changes for us. Then we can boot up the app on a device.

npx expo prebuild
yarn android

Since the simulators do not offer a good way of testing the camera for this recipe, we'll be creating an Android build to test on an actual device. This is for convenience, as it's a bit easier to achieve than running on an iOS device, however both would work.

Permissions

Before we can get to using the camera on the device, we must get permission from the user to do so. Let's edit the Welcome screen in Ignite to reflect the current permission status and a way to prompt the user.

import { observer } from "mobx-react-lite";
import React, { FC } from "react";
import { AppStackScreenProps } from "../navigators";
import { Camera, CameraPermissionStatus } from "react-native-vision-camera";
import { Linking, View, ViewStyle } from "react-native";
import { Button, Screen, Text } from "app/components";

interface WelcomeScreenProps extends AppStackScreenProps<"Welcome"> {}

export const WelcomeScreen: FC<WelcomeScreenProps> = observer(
function WelcomeScreen(_props) {
const [cameraPermission, setCameraPermission] =
React.useState<CameraPermissionStatus>();

React.useEffect(() => {
Camera.getCameraPermissionStatus().then(setCameraPermission);
}, []);

const promptForCameraPermissions = React.useCallback(async () => {
const permission = await Camera.requestCameraPermission();
Camera.getCameraPermissionStatus().then(setCameraPermission);

if (permission === "denied") await Linking.openSettings();
}, [cameraPermission]);

if (cameraPermission == null) {
// still loading
return null;
}

return (
<Screen contentContainerStyle={$container}>
<View>
<Text>
Camera Permission:{" "}
{cameraPermission === null ? "Loading..." : cameraPermission}
</Text>
{cameraPermission !== "granted" && (
<Button
onPress={promptForCameraPermissions}
text="Request Camera Permission"
/>
)}
</View>
</Screen>
);
}
);

const $container: ViewStyle = {
flex: 1,
padding: 20,
justifyContent: "space-evenly",
};
Demo Preview

Codes Store & Screen

Before we get to displaying the camera for scanning, let's quickly set up a new store in MST for keeping our list of codes and a screen to view them. Generate the commands using the Ignite CLI:

npx ignite-cli@next g model CodeStore
npx ignite-cli@next g screen Codes

If you're not familiar with generators, head on over to the Ignite Generators documentation to learn more!

Open the generated models/CodeStore.ts. Our Code Store will just have a simple string array and an action to add a new code:

import { Instance, SnapshotIn, SnapshotOut, types } from "mobx-state-tree";
import { withSetPropAction } from "./helpers/withSetPropAction";

/**
* Model description here for TypeScript hints.
*/
export const CodeStoreModel = types
.model("CodeStore")
.props({
codes: types.array(types.string),
})
.actions(withSetPropAction)
.actions((self) => ({
addCode(code: string) {
self.codes.push(code);
},
}));

export interface CodeStore extends Instance<typeof CodeStoreModel> {}
export interface CodeStoreSnapshotOut
extends SnapshotOut<typeof CodeStoreModel> {}
export interface CodeStoreSnapshotIn
extends SnapshotIn<typeof CodeStoreModel> {}
export const createCodeStoreDefaultModel = () =>
types.optional(CodeStoreModel, {});

Next we'll utilize this store on our screens/CodesScreen.tsx. This will just list all of the previously scanned codes and a way to get back to the main screen:

import React, { FC } from "react";
import { observer } from "mobx-react-lite";
import { View, ViewStyle } from "react-native";
import { AppStackScreenProps } from "app/navigators";
import { Button, Screen, Text } from "app/components";
import { useNavigation } from "@react-navigation/native";
import { useStores } from "app/models";
import { spacing } from "app/theme";

interface CodesScreenProps extends AppStackScreenProps<"Codes"> {}

export const CodesScreen: FC<CodesScreenProps> = observer(
function CodesScreen() {
// Pull in one of our MST stores
const { codeStore } = useStores();

// Pull in navigation via hook
const navigation = useNavigation();
return (
<Screen
safeAreaEdges={["top", "bottom"]}
style={$root}
preset="scroll"
contentContainerStyle={$container}
>
<View>
<Text text={`${codeStore.codes.length} codes scanned`} />

{codeStore.codes.map((code, index) => (
<Text key={`code-index-${index}`} text={code} />
))}
</View>

<Button text="Go back" onPress={() => navigation.goBack()} />
</Screen>
);
}
);

const $root: ViewStyle = {
flex: 1,
};

const $container: ViewStyle = {
flex: 1,
justifyContent: "space-between",
paddingHorizontal: spacing.md,
};

Displaying the Camera

We have the dough prepped, we added the sauce - now it's time for the pizza toppings! Back in screens/Welcome.tsx, we'll begin adding more of the camera code by adding the Camera component and wire it up to the useCodeScanner hook, both of which are provided by react-native-vision-camera.

import { observer } from "mobx-react-lite";
import React, { FC } from "react";
import { AppStackScreenProps } from "../navigators";
import {
Camera,
CameraPermissionStatus,
useCameraDevice,
useCodeScanner,
} from "react-native-vision-camera";
import {
Alert,
Linking,
StyleSheet,
TouchableOpacity,
View,
ViewStyle,
} from "react-native";
import { Button, Icon, Screen, Text } from "app/components";
import { useSafeAreaInsets } from "react-native-safe-area-context";
import { useStores } from "app/models";
import { spacing } from "app/theme";

interface WelcomeScreenProps extends AppStackScreenProps<"Welcome"> {}

export const WelcomeScreen: FC<WelcomeScreenProps> = observer(
function WelcomeScreen(_props) {
const [cameraPermission, setCameraPermission] =
React.useState<CameraPermissionStatus>();
const [showScanner, setShowScanner] = React.useState(false);
const [isActive, setIsActive] = React.useState(false);

const { codeStore } = useStores();

React.useEffect(() => {
Camera.getCameraPermissionStatus().then(setCameraPermission);
}, []);

const promptForCameraPermissions = React.useCallback(async () => {
const permission = await Camera.requestCameraPermission();
Camera.getCameraPermissionStatus().then(setCameraPermission);

if (permission === "denied") await Linking.openSettings();
}, [cameraPermission]);

const codeScanner = useCodeScanner({
codeTypes: ["qr", "ean-13"],
onCodeScanned: (codes) => {
setIsActive(false);

codes.every((code) => {
if (code.value) {
codeStore.addCode(code.value);
}
return true;
});

setShowScanner(false);
Alert.alert("Code scanned!");
},
});

const device = useCameraDevice("back");

const { right, top } = useSafeAreaInsets();

if (cameraPermission == null) {
// still loading
return null;
}

if (showScanner && device) {
return (
<View style={$cameraContainer}>
<Camera
isActive={isActive}
device={device}
codeScanner={codeScanner}
style={StyleSheet.absoluteFill}
photo
video
/>
<View
style={[
$cameraButtons,
{ right: right + spacing.md, top: top + spacing.md },
]}
>
<TouchableOpacity
style={$closeCamera}
onPress={() => setShowScanner(false)}
>
<Icon icon="x" size={50} />
</TouchableOpacity>
</View>
</View>
);
}

return (
<Screen contentContainerStyle={$container}>
<View>
<Text>
Camera Permission:{" "}
{cameraPermission === null ? "Loading..." : cameraPermission}
</Text>
{cameraPermission !== "granted" && (
<Button
onPress={promptForCameraPermissions}
text="Request Camera Permission"
/>
)}
</View>
<View>
<Button
onPress={() => {
setIsActive(true);
setShowScanner(true);
}}
text="Scan Barcodes"
/>
</View>
<View>
<Button
onPress={() => _props.navigation.navigate("Codes")}
text={`View Scans (${codeStore.codes.length})`}
/>
</View>
</Screen>
);
}
);

const $container: ViewStyle = {
flex: 1,
padding: 20,
justifyContent: "space-evenly",
};

const $cameraContainer: ViewStyle = {
flex: 1,
};

const $cameraButtons: ViewStyle = {
position: "absolute",
};

const $closeCamera: ViewStyle = {
marginBottom: spacing.md,
width: 100,
height: 100,
borderRadius: 100 / 2,
backgroundColor: "rgba(140, 140, 140, 0.3)",
justifyContent: "center",
alignItems: "center",
};

And that's everything! Check out the Demo Preview to see it in action.

Demo Preview

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